Une ontologie dispositionnelle du risque

  • Olivier Grenier Université de Sherbrooke
  • Adrien Barton
Mots-clés: Risque, Disposition, Causalité, Ontologie appliquée, Préférences

Résumé

Le risque est une entité omniprésente dans le domaine biomédical. Une caractérisation ontologique cohérente du risque est donc nécessaire pour faciliter l'échange et le rassemblement des données informatiques du domaine biomédical à des fins cliniques et des fins de recherche à l'aide d'outils nommés « ontologies appliquées ». Nous analysons certaines définitions du risque et en tirons deux traits généraux que le risque partage avec les dispositions. Nous proposons par conséquent une définition du risque comme une disposition dont la réalisation est indésirable pour un agent. Cette définition permet de concilier la dimension objective et la dimension subjective du risque : un risque existe indépendamment de notre connaissance de celui-ci, mais le statut de risque d'une disposition pour un agent dépend des préférences de cet agent.

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Publiée
2021-04-06
Comment citer
Grenier, Olivier, et Adrien Barton. 2021. « Une Ontologie Dispositionnelle Du Risque ». Lato Sensu: Revue De La Société De Philosophie Des Sciences 8 (2), 58-69. https://doi.org/10.20416/LSRSPS.V8I2.6.